Comparison of 2021 Tesla Model S Plaid and 2021 Tesla Model Y LR
The Tesla Model S is the flagship model of the Tesla brand and went into production in 2012. In 2021, there was major refresh to the base car and a 'Plaid' version with extreme performance was introduced. The introduction of the Model S marks the beginning of a major shift from ICE to electric vehicles.
The Tesla Model Y is a compact SUV with many components shared with the Model 3. Deliveries of the Model Y started in 2020 and has grown quickly. Elon expects this car to become the best selling auto (gas or electric) in the near future. It is Telsla first car to get a heat pump for efficient cabin heating and is know for its advanced heat management via the Octovalve, as demonstrated by Sandy Munro.

2021 Tesla Model S Plaid 
2021 Tesla Model Y LR 
2020 Toyota Camry LE⁵ 
Approximate Price¹ 
$120,000 
$50,000 
$25,000 
Useable Battery Size² 
100 kWh 
72.5 kWh 
Gastank ~= 479 kWh 
Efficiency³ 
3.45 miles/kwh 
3.85 miles/kwh 
Gas ~= 1.1 miles/kwh 
Range at 70mph⁴ 
345 miles 
279 miles 
526 miles 
¹Prices of electric vehicles are highly volatile and greatly depend on options and dealer charges included. The price show is an estimated price of the comparison vehicle including in the "ChargeDischarge.com" test.
²Manufacturer's often hold back some of the battery capacity to extend the battery life and/or are not forthcoming about the usable battery size.
³Efficiency greatly varies base on many factors. The value here is from testing at 70MPH. See references below.
⁴Similar to efficiency, the range value shown here is just the battery size times the efficiency. This gives an estimated MAX range for a full battery and driving at 70MPH.
⁵The Camry gas tank size of 15.8 gallons and efficiency of 38 miles/gallon has been converted to the battery equivalents.
Each bar in this graph represents the
Range Added with
20 Minutes of Charging for different
STARTING states of charge (SOC). This 20minute charge mile rating is a common comparison metric for electric vehicles. It is a measurement of much range can you add with 20 minutes of charging. Even this will be greatly impacted by a variety of factors. A battery pack will charge faster when it is less 'full'.
The charge curve graphs here show for the
Tesla Model S and the
Tesla Model Y are a key part of the ChargeDischarge storyline for these two cars. The faster (more power) you can charge the faster you can add range. But do not forget that because the
Model Y is more efficient at an estimated
3.85 miles/kWh even at the same charge
rate it will be able to add range faster (see: Miles of Range per Charging Minute).
Each bar in this graph represents the
Number of Charging Minutes required to add
100 miles of Range for different
STARTING states of charge (SOC). It is another common comparison metric. This graph shows the values for both the
Tesla Model S and the
Tesla Model Y. Note that because the charging rate (power) will be reduced as the battery 'fills', the 100 miles of charging is faster when the battery is nearer to empty.
Although this
"Miles of Range per Charging Minute" graph is not seen as often as the charging curve above, it really is a better comparison tool as it includes the efficiency of each vehicle. In this case, the
Model Y will have its values 'improved' by its better efficiency.